In 2008, the ecomuseum of Parabiago (Italy) was founded in the urban context of Milan, characterised by inhabitants’ inability in feeling the value of the living heritage. Through participation processes, the empowerment of people, the large use of principles of subsidiarity and co-responsibility, the ecomuseum facilitated the work of a wide network of stakeholders; this network was able to mapping the heritage, to take care of it, to manage and regenerate it. The ecomuseum is working not only to implement but also to inspire, also beyond its border, methodological, relational and social changes. Such changes, in turn, contributed to modify the landscape and make some Italian Constitution “dreams” real.
Raul Dal Santo
3 team members
Dal Santo Raul – Coordinator – Degree Natural science
Vignati Lucia – Technical Employee, Agenda 21 Office – Documentation Center – Degree Natural Science
Dossena Silvia – Technical Employee, Agenda 21 Office -Documentation Center – Degree Biological Science
Over the years, the Ecomuseum has performed workshops landscape education activities aimed not only at school teens, but also at their parents and grandparents, acquaintances and elderly people in the nursing home, with lectures, guided tours of the areas and participatory planning activities.
The objectives of these didactic activities can be summarized as follows:
Internships and degree theses have been activated on-site with the Milanese universities and upper secondary schools in the area.
Training / information meetings on-site were also held for the Technical-Political Committee and for the teachers of the classes participating in the educational projects.
The ecomuseum has contributed to virtual national and international conferences on ecomuseums.
|ECOMUSEUM MEMBERS (TECHNICAL TEAM)||LOCAL COMMUNITY|
|Workshop educational activities||Landscape education||Children, teens, adult|
|Stage on-site||Stage for upper secondary student||89 upper secondary students|
|On-site degree internship||internship for degree thesis||14 graduate student of various university|
|On-site thematic study||Internship for the development of a thematic study||4 students of Milan Polytechnic|
|Workshop events||Exhibition, landscape day, Mulino day||Citizens and visitors|
|The Ecomuseums role for the development goals of United Nation 2030 and climate action September 30th 2021- virtual|
The Ecomuse attended the virtual World Forum for Democracy, an international conference on the methods and tools that ecomuseums can make available for fighting the climate crisis and for ecological and supportive development.
The Ecomuseum also participated at the pre-cop26 All4 Climate where the Ecomuseums wondered what actions could be taken to combat the climate crisis.
|Italian Ecomuseums’ landscape week from 21 to 25 June 2021 - virtual||The Ecomuseum attended the virtual webinars with which the Italian Ecomuseum Network intended to reflect on the ecomuseums’ rule in the landscape’s care, with the participation, in the section of 24 June, "Landscape is short supply chains and circular economy.||X|
|Cultural landscape: museums and tourism in metropolitan city, March 10 2016 on-site||The Ecomuseum attended on-site the conference held at the Bicocca University of Milan on the museums’ rule as a key element of metropolitan cultural landscapes.||X|
|Educational and didactic services of scientific museums, 30-31 May 2014. On site||The Ecomuseum presented on-site its experience at the Master Level I "Protection and management of naturalistic and historical-scientific assets" of Siena’ s University.||X|
|The Ecomuseum on tour - 19 and 30 May 2009 on-site||The Ecomuseum presented on-site its experience at the Faculty of Architecture and Society of the Politecnico of Milan and it gave a lesson at the refresher course for ecomuseum operators in Friuli (Italian Region).||X|
|AREA / FIELD||DESCRIPTION||WAY OF TRAINING (VIRTUAL / ON-SITE / WORKSHOPS / ETC.)||TARGET|
|ECOMUSEUM MEMBERS (TECHNICAL TEAM)||LOCAL COMMUNITY|
|Participatory management and planning||Implementation of tools and methods for the management and stakeholders’ active participation||Through guide material, dedicated website / online learning course or other online resources (e.g. webinar, tutorial, video), seminar / short training, continuing education, expert assistance in the development of new projects||X|
|Museum education||Take over new creative and innovative teaching methods.||X|
|Communication for Ecomuseum||Improvement of communication skills towards partnerstner||X|
|Technological solutions for inclusion||Take over of new methods to increase the ability to innovate its processes, but also its services through a wider, more diversified and inclusive technology||X|
|Prints, publications, website||0||0|
|Enhancement Ecomuseum and visiting itineraries||3.000||3.000|
|Visiting itineraries maintenance||11.000||11.000|
|Ecoheritage (travel expenses, international meeting, miscellaneous and secretarial costs, intellectual products)||15.000||15.000|
|Municipal co-financing for Museum activity including route maintenance||42.800||42.800|
|Ecoheritage international research – money from our participation in Ecoheritage||15.000||15.000|
The Parabiago’s landscape Ecomuseum is part of the process of the local Agenda 21 of Parabiago that started in 2003 thanks to the contributions of the European Union. Agenda 21 developed in its first phase a Report on the environmental, social and economic situation of the city. Subsequently with the Decree n. 15075 of 8/1/2007, the Lombardy Region, as part of the Regional Development European Fund relating to the “Promotion of local Agendas 21: energy, landscape, tourism and biodiversity”, assigned a contribution to Parabiago’s city for financing of the project “Parabiago’s landscape Ecomuseum” equal to 80% of the total cost.
The financial plan of Parabiago’s landscape Ecomuseum came from the budget of the Parabiago’s Municipality, as a managing body that guarantees self-sustainability.
Over the years the Ecomuseum has received funding from other Bodies to develop specific projects:
in 2007 the Milan’s Province financed the Virgilian Itinerary as part of the “Il Metrobosco” project, a visiting itinerary to discover the landscape in Roman times;
– The Lombardy Region financed 50% of the total cost of five Ecomuseum projects in 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2015: two relating to the enhancement of the same, one relating to the creation of educational activities for schools and two relating to the creation / realization of cultural or natural paths.
A contribution was obtained from a local company that collaborates with the Ecomuseum, in particular for a text published in 2010.
The Ecomuseum is also a partner of the Olona Green Way project, a co-financed project since 2017 by the Lombardy Region, Parco dei Mulini and the Municipality of San Vittore Olona with funds from the Rural Development Plan, and the “The valley calls you back” project.
Finally, from 2020 the Parabiago’s Ecomuseum is a partner of the project 100% funded by the European Union for the project “Ecoheritage – ecomuseums as a collaborative approach for the recognition, management and protection of cultural and natural heritage”, as a part of ERASMUS + programming KA.
The ecomuseum has taken on the role of facilitator of a complex network of actors that has made it possible to know the landscape through participation and cooperative learning paths, the enhancement of skills, knowledge and resources of the territory, the extensive use of principles of subsidiarity and co-responsibility, the ecomuseum has taken on the role of facilitator of a complex network of actors who have made it possible to get to know the landscape.
Through collaboration agreements with citizens it was also possible to care for, manage and regenerate the cultural and landscape heritage, in the general interest. The agreements stipulated so far are both formal and informal in nature. In 2016 the Ecomuseum approved the regulation for the active participation of the community and for the promotion of resilience processes for the care, regeneration of urban spaces, social cohesion and safety.
The Ecomuseum has sought not only to implement, but also to inspire methodological, relational and social changes which in turn have contributed to changing the landscape.
The Ecomuseum is made up of a Technical-Political Committee aimed at monitoring the process of involving local actors and defining the Action Program (municipal employees involved and Councilors), by a Scientific Committee (municipal employees and volunteers), as well as by volunteers involved in the various activities carried out by the Ecomuseum or of which the Ecomuseum favors the realization.
The Parabiago’s Ecomuseum has activated and / or coordinated projects useful for cultural tourism, visiting itineraries and nature walks, communicating the tourist offer of the Ecomuseum to the hoteliers’ area representative.
|Only information||Chance to suggest actions||Complaints or Compliments||Purchase of tickets||Open access or under registration|
|Proposing museum objectives||On funding issues||About museum planning||On accessibility|
|Receipt message is sent||The proposal is discussed at the museum management level||Results of the discussion are sent|
The Ecomuseum makes available to everybody, through its website, a great deal of multimedia documentation: more than 3,000 web pages in 7 languages (Italian, English, French, Portuguese, Spanish, German and the local dialect), 7,000 images, 250 e-books, 200 audio files, 30 videos. A huge number of stakeholders, both from the local context, and from all over the word, can benefit from this documentation, through the license Creative Common; this kind of licence permits to share, use, modify and build upon a work with every tool and format, for every purpose, simply by citing the source.
Text was translated by high school students in the framework of the work-linked training.
The website has a very large number of pages but not all with graphics suitable for mobile devices. The large amount of data is not cataloged with modern methods. Some information is available on external websites with the overall search difficulty.
The innovation for the Parabiago’s landscape ecomuseum is the change that concerns both the methodological dimension (the working method) and the relational and social aspects (cultural changes) to change the physical dimension (improve the landscape) is in fact a modification positive that trigger changes to improve the landscape
An interactive and multimedia map was carried out to make it easily upgradeable. In 2010 and 2011 the Ecomuseum contributed as a technical partner to the realisation of a parish map of the Mills Park.
Among the impacts: greater awareness of citizens, sense of places, development of ecomuseum visit routes.
|PROJECTS / ACTIONS||SHORT DESCRIPTION||SDG||IMPACTS|
|Food production and quality of life||Continue to develop the local economy in order to have experience of a short supply chain of agricultural products that combine agriculture-environment-tourism-culture- welfare.||Good health and wellness||The Parabiago ecomuseums tried not only to implement, but also to inspire changes, primarily in methodological, relational and social dimensions, that in turn have contributed to change the quality of landscape, even beyond the border of the ecomuseum|
|Education and sociocultural activities||Monitor and report progress of results obtained about educational projects on sustainable development, the landscape enhancement and cultural heritage.||Quality education|
|Agreement for the Olona River||Rediscovery and enhancement of the common heritage, so that the Olona river, the pivot of the development of this territory, returns to be the river of civilization, culture and nature that has been for millennia and reassembles a new habitable city around its course.||Clean water and sanitation|
|Food production and quality of life||Continue to develop the local economy in order to have experience of a short supply chain of agricultural products that combine agriculture-environment-tourism-culture- welfare.||Satisfactory work and economic growth|
|Training and research||Promote new partnerships with stakeholders dealing with the government of territory.||Sustainable cities and communities|
|Food production and quality of life||Continue to develop the local economy in order to have experience of a short supply chain of agricultural products that combine agriculture-environment-tourism-culture- welfare.||Responsible consumption and production|
|Circular economy, products of agro-ecology, education and forestation||bread of Parabiago, ecosystem services, “Forestami” project (3 million trees by 2030 in the metropolitan city)||Climate action|
|Put landscape at the centre||Its goals are to study, conserve, enhance and show the community heritage, especially the landscape||Life on earth|
|Focus on sustainable local development||Thanks to a new socialization between stakeholders and the large use of the subsidiarity principle some heritage’s elements got new life or new use in order to improve social, environmental and economic development.||Peace, justice and strong institutions|
|Landscape and planning||Work as partner with public institutions to continue and improve implementation of the European Landscape Convention||Shared goals|
The Ecomuseum has recognized the responsibility of:
During the lockdown periods the Parabiago ecomuseum continued its mission of care and interpretation of the living cultural heritage, empowering the community on the sustainable use of heritage for integral development and strengthening the social awareness and self-awareness of identity collectively shared. Measures aimed at containing the pandemic have led the ecomuseum to explore new ways of involving, inspiring and supporting the public in an attempt to meet the needs of the local community.
The epidemic situation in progress unexpectedly has also reserved positive surprises for us, providing us with opportunities to:
During the social distancing, the Parabiago ecomuseum carried out these activities:
Methodological and cultural changes have been achieved. Actions and methods were tested, albeit remotely and in compliance with lockdown restrictions, to support and connect local communities and ecomuseums and regional, national and global networks with each other. The Parabiago Ecomuseum worked within the network of Italian ecomuseums to devise the Cooperation Charter “Distant but United. The ecomuseums and community museums of Italy and Brazil ”have achieved the result of a renewed awareness of the need to act locally and think globally. The charter contains the common vision, challenges and responsibilities, discussed, adopted and accepted by both national groups, as a reference for joint actions.
Leandro França, Barbara Kazior, Óscar Navajas, Manuel Parodi-Álvarez, Lisa Pigozzi, Raul dal Santo, Julio Seoane, Maristela Simão